Or Bleuler’s endocrine psychosyndrome (described by Him in 1948). With some reservations, it can be said that it occupies an intermediate stage between mental disorders that develop as a result of external factors affecting the brain (or exogenous-organic disorders-due to the same injuries, infections or intoxications, for example), and so — called endogenous disorders (that is, those whose origin is being investigated, but with no external causes-as in the case of the same schizophrenia).
The reason for the development of endocrine psychosyndrome is a long-term violation of the hormonal background. That’s right. Neither the adrenaline rush nor the blood sugar spikes will form it. It is necessary that the change in the hormonal background be long-lasting, like the Exodus of Evenks to America, from month to month, or even from year to year. Diffuse toxic goiter, myxedema, diabetes mellitus, Itsenko — Cushing’s syndrome, adrenal and pituitary tumors are all welcome. A distant similarity in some details with this syndrome has changes in the psyche during pregnancy (still, with it, the concentration of certain hormones changes hundreds or even thousands of times, and not for a day or two, but throughout the entire term). It’s just that during pregnancy, these changes are reversible.
The main violations are observed in the sphere of emotions and in the sphere of drives.
In the sphere of emotions: irritability and tearfulness-literally because of any little thing, and sometimes for no reason at all (she invented herself, she was offended by everything); viciousness and gloom (who can’t wait to get in the eye or on a course of anti — rabies vaccine-we take a turn); or, on the contrary, euphoria. Severe and persistent, reaching a psychotic level, depression or mania are less common, but also quite likely.
In the sphere of the instincts, violations can have any polarity: strengthening, weakening, or perversion. These disorders can affect both sexual desire and food, but the latter still suffers more often and more noticeably. This is bulimia, when the refrigerator begins to shake nervously when a person appears in the kitchen and tries to hide, if not emigrate; anorexia, when an attempt to feed a person turns into a difficult quest, and the patient himself will give a head start to any visual aid on osteology; Pararexia (or perversion of taste), when raw meat or black soil suddenly become unbearably delicious and desirable, and from harmless ice cream or tangerines just turns inside out.
Much less common is a decrease in intelligence-except for sharply expressed endocrine disorders. Here is the acceleration of the pace of thinking (with hyperthyroidism, for example) or its slowdown (with myxedema) is observed much more often.