This term (in the original — burnout) was proposed in 1974 by the American psychiatrist Freudenberg. It occurs not only in doctors, although they are the ones who sit quietly and thoughtfully at the very top of the palm tree. In second place — teachers and psychologists. The syndrome also affected social workers, as well as a tribe of managers and a clan of bosses.
There are many reasons for the occurrence of burnout syndrome, but they can be summarized in two words. No, not the one that’s full. This is hopelessness and hopelessness. This work is nonstop in the Stakhanov pace, with a mini-weekend microtoponymy is sarcastic salary is the boss, always ready to cheer anything high-rise, and the team, giving odds to any serpentarium clients and patients, which howled to the staff GUFSIN is the inability to somehow influence the result of the work or at least be aware you’re doing something and someone needs is the need to constantly wear a smile instead of a Kalashnikov machine gun.
How does the burnout syndrome manifest itself? Three groups of symptoms.
1) Extreme exhaustion (of the nervous system, of course). If you remember, I described asthenic syndrome. So here it is almost the same: exhaustion, when the strength to work is not available after an hour or two from the start of the shift, fatigue, especially from monotonous work-and at the same time lack of strength to search for non — standard solutions and learn new ones. This is an emotional explosion (more precisely, a pop when the balloon goes from the “inflated” state to the “burst” state) to any significant push, it is an intolerance to sharp stimuli (light, sound, smell), when the next patient who slams the door has some risk of being subjected to strangulation with a stendoscope. This scattered attention (well, there are no forces to collect it in a heap and keep it in it) and an abundance of what was once fashionable, and now holivarno called vegetative (or neurocirculatory) dystonia. This is a gratuitous anxiety, this mood with a constant, though not as deep as in clinical depression, the “minus” sign.
2) Detachment, distancing from patients (in the case of other professions — clients, students, subordinates). Because every next attempt to penetrate, understand, share burns even deeper, and so I want to leave something for those who stayed at home! As a result, more and more cynical notes slip through, a person becomes callous, and even a warm and cozy (if it is really such) home environment can not soften this crust on the soul.
3) Sense of inefficiency and insufficiency of their achievements. Yes, I have a dozen years of experience, a PhD, a lot of more or less grateful patients (not about the pathologist, be it said) – and a feeling of complete hopelessness, uselessness and hopelessness (especially when mega-responsibility is in stark contrast to the nano-salary). And you realize that you should get out of this well-worn rut, but it’s scary that you don’t have enough strength. And that in the end you can lose more than you can gain. Hence the all-encompassing pessimism, lost ideals, and unwillingness to move further up the professional and career ladder.This term (in the original — burnout) was proposed in 1974 by the American psychiatrist Freudenberg. It occurs not only in doctors, although they are the ones who sit quietly and thoughtfully at the very top of the palm tree. In second place — teachers and psychologists. The syndrome also affected social workers, as well as a tribe of managers and a clan of bosses.
The burnout syndrome can affect anyone, but there are also special personalities for it:
✓ Anxious and suspicious;
✓ Emotional and responsive;
✓ Responsible and demanding to themselves;
✓ People who tend not to show emotions (especially negative ones) in public, monitor how they look, what they say, and how they look from the outside;
✓ Used to strict self-discipline and self-control.
Who can save themselves: an evening Cup, pills (most often — tranquilizers, antidepressants and stimulants, as well as nootropics), going to the virtual space, hunting, fishing; in the summer-a dacha, the sea and healing waters.
Tips to prevention a lot to learn to actively relax, to switch from one activity to another, to leave the work problems at work, do not attach much importance to industrial disputes, to be able to put before a tactical and strategic objectives (achievement first itself, to encourage and indulge, in the process of achieving a second look, but not to force), not to miss opportunities for professional growth, not to try to receive from the universe excellent grades in all disciplines (notice the Trinitarian life easier?) and don’t forget to communicate, so as not to go completely wild. And most importantly-do not forget at least the list of tips.
There is another good, but little and rarely used advice: time to change the sphere of professional activity (worked for ten years as a psychiatrist-re-qualified as a huntsman). Only who would dare to do such a thing!