If all the angry questioning your half repeats the mantra “I debianchangelog”, do not rush to take up kitchen utensils, posing a diagnostic and educational objectives. Perhaps the man really does not remember anything.

Memory disorders can be divided into quantitative and qualitative.

Quantitative memory disorders are hypermnesia, hypomnesia and amnesia.

Hypermnesia (from Greek. hyper — over and mnesis — memory). This does not mean that the subject suddenly acquires a phenomenal memory that allows him to become a superspy or a successful card player. The ability to remember it often does not change. But dramatically increases the playback of memories, against the will of man, begin to invade the consciousness and does not contribute to clarity of thought and clarity of objectives, rather the opposite — desorientiert, muddle.

Hypomnesia (from Greek. hypo — under and mnesis — memory). In this case, the memorization of current information or the reproduction of past events is weakened.

Amnesia (from Greek. a— as a denial and mnesis — memory) is characterized by the lack of the ability to save, reproduce and (in some cases) record the patient experienced events — at a particular time. I would like to emphasize that this is not a weakening of memory, as in hypomnesia, but its complete disappearance for some period. And depending on what it is for the period, there are the following types.

Congrega amnesia (from lat. prefixes con— together and gradior — go) — loss of memories for the period of the darkened consciousness (in most cases — if it was switched off by itself or due to insurmountable external circumstances). Retrograde amnesia — loss of memory of everything that was BEFORE the painful condition (injury, attack, etc.).

Anterograde amnesia is the loss of memories for the period AFTER an injury, attack or acute stage of the disease that caused a violation of consciousness, that is, the recovery period is forgotten. Interestingly, in this period the patient, as a rule, adequately behaves, talks and answers questions, but in the future all this will be erased from his memory.

Anteretrograde, or total amnesia — there’s you know…

Depending on which of the memory functions suffers more, you can also highlight the following types of amnesia.

Fixation amnesia — a strong weakening or complete lack of ability to capture and hold in memory new information, current events (in such cases say, that “memory as sieve”).

Anaktoria (from the Greek. an— + ekphorio — make) — the failure timely to recall a known fact, the inability of the memories without prompting (not to be confused with the state of the student during the delivery of the session!).

According to the dynamics of amnesia is divided into the following:

Progressive— when there is a disintegration of memory in accordance with the law of RIBO, from the current to an increasingly long past; while a person may not remember where he lives, but perfectly list all the neighbors from the village where he lived in his youth. Especially if one of them once owed.

Stationary — when the existing memory impairment is not aggravated, but does not pass. Regressing — when eventually after a pronounced deterioration in memory is gradually improving and memorizing the teachings, and playback of the past. Retarded — when events fall out of memory not immediately, but after a while after an illness or injury.

By object can be selected:

Affectogenimap, or catalkoy, amnesia — when memory fall only special, meaningful human events, resulted in very strong feelings (usually unpleasant, those which this man can not continue to live in peace).

Hysterical amnesia, which is somewhat similar to the previous one, when selectively erased from memory (Freud would say — replaced) only unacceptable for the individual events (with the experience about them, unlike those in catatymic amnesia, may be weak or not at all — whether to worry about what was not!).

Sodomization, which is similar to the previous form of amnesia, her memories fall out partially, the plots but the personality is not the hysteroid.

Epochal — it usually occurs after shock and covers long periods of life (months, years).

Separately it would be possible to allocate an alcoholic palimpsest (from Greek. рalimpsestos — text, manuscript, written on top of that scraped from the parchment — that nothing material to translate, but some of the previous labels you can guess). This is a condition where some of the details and events that took place during the libations are erased from memory, leaving behind only vague hints and a feeling of vague anxiety in half with a painful awareness of his own wrong, but still would remember what exactly… Alcoholic palimpsest — the first bell warning that not far off alcoholic amnesia and other delights of alcoholic brain damage.

Qualitative memory disorder is to many cases of paramnesia. It’s a distortion, a perversion of memories. To paramnesias include pseudoresistance, confabulation and cryptomnesia.

Pseudoresistance (from the Greek. pseudos- — false-, lat. reminiscentia — memory) — usually occur in a patient suffering from fixation amnesia. He tries to fill the gaps in his memory as best he can, eventually filling them with events that REALLY took place in his life, but not at the time he is trying to remember. So, as “patches” may well fit student or even school years, or those of the more recent events that were able to stay in memory.

Confabulation (from lat. confabulari — to talk, to tell) — in this case, the patient fills in holes in the memory of what never existed, and often does could not exist. So, asking to talk about violent youth, you can get the answer a story about the guerrilla actions in the forests of Belarus with the exact personally killed the Nazis, as well as modest mention of the fact that the flight to Mars has been, just for the purposes of secrecy not publicized, and who do you think flew there? Yes, and the defeat of the third intergalactic occupation case don’t forget. With these two hands sword in zero gravity Mahal. There are substitute confabulations — when the holes are filled with something close to reality, everyday-mundane (went to the bath, drank beer, immediately after fishing — this was a bite!). By the way, General Ivolgin in F. M. Dostoevsky’s novel “the Idiot” demonstrates the replacement confabulations. There are fantastic confabulations — it’s just about Mars, checkers and weightlessness.

Cryptomnesia (from Greek. kryptos — hidden, secret and mneme, memory, remembrance) — when it is better not to give up fantasy. And put the TV away. Otherwise you will be told about the adventures in the spirit of the main character of Sapkowski’s novels, with the beheading of all monsters in the vicinity of the promenade and circuses. And strictly to ask, what makes the kitchen the old hag and just what happened to Maria. The patient, being unable to remember or dream up, draws events from those sources of information that are at hand: books, Newspapers, television – without making a distinction between his own life and all other events. What he saw in the dream, by the way, can also be regarded as taking place to be in fact, so that “return back to the Bahamas and the mulatto with lush Breasts.”

Amnesia — when the patient there is a sense that the event is repeated. Most frequently occurs when substance-induced psychosis.